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Advanced NMEA Output Setup
If you are going to interface the GPSMAP 196 with another piece
of equipment (such as a radar or autopilot), the unit needs to be
set to output NMEA data. The NMEA data transmission can be
customized to keep the output rate at two seconds. If too many
NMEA sentences are selected the unit can take longer than two
seconds to update. To access the Advanced NMEA Output Setup:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the
ROCKER to select Setup from the vertical tab list.
Interface from the row of tabs along the top.
4. Highlight the ﬁeld below
Serial Data Format. Press ENTER.
5. Select NMEA In/NMEA Out
. Press ENTER.
MENU to open the options menu. Select Advanced
, and press ENTER.
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
The Advanced NMEA Output Setup Page allows you to change the
precision of the Lat/Lon minutes, set Waypoint IDs to names or
numbers, as well as turn on and off the GPS status, the GARMIN
Proprietary sentences, and Waypoint/Route (WPL, RTE).
98 GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
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Size: 6.18'' W x 3.4'' H x 2.22'' D
(15.7 x 8.64 x 5.72 cm)
Weight: 1.5 lbs (.68 kg)
Display: 3.8'' diagonal (9.65 cm) high-contrast, FSTN
display with backlighting (320 x 240 pixels,
Case: Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy,
waterproof to IEC 60529 IPX7
Temp. Range: 5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C)
Battery: 4 AA Alkaline (not included)
Battery Life : Up to 16 hours in Battery Saver Mode
Source: 8–35 VDC
Fuse: AGC/3AG-2.0 Amp
Receiver: Differential-ready 12 parallel channel receiver
Acquisition Times: Approx. 15 seconds (warm start)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold start)
Approx. 2 minutes (First Time/AutoLocate®)
Update Rate: 1/second, continuous
GPS: *15 meters (49 feet) RMS 95% typical
DGPS (USCG): 3–5 meters (10–16 ft), 95% typical
DGPS (WAAS): < 3 meters (10 ft) 95% typical with DGPS
Velocity : 0.05 knot RMS steady state
Dynamics: 6 g's
*Subject to accuracy degradation to 100 m 2 DRMS under the U.S. DOD-
imposed Selective Availability Program.
GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide 99
APPENDIX > SPECIFICATIONS
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In addition to the standard accessories included with your GPSMAP
196, the optional accessories are designed to enhance the operation
of the GPSMAP 196.
To obtain replacement parts and optional accessories, contact
your Garmin Dealer, Garmin Product Support in the U.S.A. at
800/800.1020, or Garmin Europe at 44/0870.8501241.
WARNING: Garmin accessories have been designed and
speciﬁcally tested for use with Garmin products. Accessories
offered for sale by other manufacturers have not been tested or
approved for use with Garmin products. Use of such accessories
could cause damage to the GPSMAP 196 and void the warranty.
Auto Navigation Kit—Provides the parts and map data to use the
GPSMAP 196 in an automobile.
, GA 29F, and GA 26C Antennas—Garmin remote antennas.
Non-Skid Friction Mount—Portable vehicle mount, no installation
Permanent and Temporary Adhesive Disks
—Adhesive disks for using
the unit in a vehicle.
PC Interface Cable—Connects the unit to a serial port on your PC.
Power/Data Cable—Allows you to connect the unit to the electrical
system using the bare wires.
Programmable Data Cards
—Blank data cards available in a variety of
sizes. Download detailed map data from MapSource CD-ROMs to a data
card, either directly through your GPSMAP 196 using the included PC
Interface Cable, the optional PC Interface Cable (with a Serial connector),
or with the optional USB Data Card Programmer.
USB Data Card Programmer
—Programs blank data cards at high speed
through a PC.
Carrying Case—Protects the GPSMAP 196 when not in use; with storage
for data cards.
Protective Cover—Snaps on the front of the unit to protect the screen from
MapSource Software CD-ROMs—Offers several detailed mapping
options that are compatible with the GPSMAP 196, including City Select,
BlueChart, Fishing Hot Spots, and Topo.
Pre-Programmed Data Cards
—Data cards pre-programmed with either
Garmin BlueChart or Fishing Hot Spots map data.
100 GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide
APPENDIX > OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
Page 109 from 132
This section of the Appendix provides information on connecting the
GPSMAP 196 to auxiliary devices and removing the antenna.
Connecting the Power/Data Cable
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 196 to an 8–35 VDC
system and provides interface capabilities for connecting external
devices. The color code in the diagram below and to the right
indicates the appropriate harness connections. Replacement fuse is a
3AG - 2.0 Amp fuse.
GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide 101
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
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Installing and Removing Data Cards
The GPSMAP 196 uses an optional Garmin data card to show
digital charts and maps. Install the data card in the slot located on
the bottom of the unit. Install or remove the data card at any time,
whether the unit is on or off.
You can load a variety of information on your data card, such as
BlueChart and MapSource detailed maps in a MapSource program.
You can buy pre-programmed cards to use with your GPSMAP 196.
Data cards are not waterproof, should not be exposed to moisture or
excessive static charges, and should be stored in the case supplied
with the card.
To install a data card:
1. Insert the card into the slot on the bottom of the unit. Be sure
the label is facing the front of the unit.
2. Firmly push the card into the unit. It is not necessary to force the card. The handle is still exposed when it is properly
3. If the unit is on, a conﬁrmation tone sounds. The ﬁrst time
you insert a programmed data card, the unit takes a few
seconds to read the card. When the data card has been
properly installed and accepted, a summary screen noting
the card details appears. Press ENTER to acknowledge.
If you insert a data card and get a card format not recognized
message, try removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still
not recognized, contact Garmin Product Support or your Garmin
To remove a data card:
1. Grasp the card handle. The handle expands for easy
2. Pull the card out of the card slot on the bottom of the unit.
3. If the unit is on, a conﬁrmation tone sounds when the data
card has been removed.
102 GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION